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What are Stem Cells? And What Do They Do In The Human Body?

Stem cells are a type of cell that have the ability to differentiate into a variety of different cell types. They are found in various parts of the human body, including the bone marrow, blood, and adipose (fat) tissue. Stem cells play a critical role in the body’s ability to repair and regenerate damaged or injured tissue.

Stem cells extracted from adipose (fat) tissue using a liposuction-type hose and bone marrow stem cells are extracted from the hip bone via a large needle. Both procedures pose a risk of infection due to the nature of the procedure and could result in a long recovery time.

Stem cells derived from Wharton’s Jelly; however, does not require surgery or any invasive procedures. Wharton’s Jelly is a gel-like substance rich in young, potent stem cells. No risk to mother or baby when the cells are donated.

What Do Stem Cells Do?

One of the key functions of stem cells is to act as a repair system for the body. They can divide and differentiate into the specific cell types needed to repair damaged or injured tissue. For example, when a person suffers a heart attack, stem cells in the heart can differentiate into heart muscle cells to help repair the damaged tissue. Similarly, stem cells in the bone marrow can differentiate into blood cells to help repair the damage caused by chemotherapy or radiation.

Stem cells also play a critical role in the immune system. They can differentiate into various types of immune cells, including white blood cells, which help to fight infection and disease.

In addition to their ability to repair and regenerate damaged tissue, stem cells also have anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory effects. This means that they can help to reduce inflammation and promote healing in the body.

Stem cells are a vital component of the human body, playing a critical role in the body’s ability to repair and regenerate damaged tissue, as well as in the immune system. As research in this field continues to advance, we can expect to see even more innovative and effective treatments for a wide range of diseases and injuries.

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